Hackworth's "Globe", 1830.


The boiler of this engine was of the single flue variety, the fire grate being placed in the flue, in the front end of which a number of water tubes were fixed diametrically across, and in such order as to deflect the heated products of combustion into a spiral course. These tubes were subsequently removed, as they soon choked with matter deposited from the water. The wheels were four in number, 5 ft. in dia. and coupled. A Copper steam dome was placed upon the boiler and from this feature, which appears to have been original at the time the engine received its name - the "Globe". The driving axle was double cranked, the cranks being at right angles to each other and the cylinders were placed horizontally and side by side. The two eccentrics were loose upon the driving axle and were reversible by a single lever. The Globe is stated to have attained a speed of 50 miles an hour and was constantly employed in the passenger traffic of the Stockton and Darlington line down to 1839 when the boiler exploded at Middlesboro-on-Tees.


The following description is from http://www.railcentre.co.uk/hackworth/globe.htm

Subsequent to the Rainhill Trials, Timothy Hackworth was requested by the Committee of the Stockton & Darlington Railway to build a suitable engine for the proposed extension of the line to Middlesbrough. Until now engines had been built principally to haul heavy coal trains, where speed was not desirable, and as the new engine was required for passenger traffic, a faster and more reliable locomotive was envisaged. This marked another era in the development of the locomotive. Hackworth named the locomotive the Globe.


With space at a premium at the Shildon workshops there was insufficient room to build the Globe, and as a consequence Hackworth was directed to proceed to Stephenson's factory at Newcastle with the necessary plans and to build the locomotive as quickly as possible. He left on 1st March, 1830, his journey taking in visits to Stockton, Stranton, Sunderland, North and South Shields, Newcastle and Bedlington.


On his arrival at Newcastle on 3rd March, he traveled to Bedlington to order the boiler plates, From 4th March, He spent 3 days laying the designs before officials, including information on the first crank-axled inside double horizontal cylindered engine ever designed. One of the officers took exception to this axle on the grounds it would involve a loss of power (Practical Mechanics' Journal, 1850).To this observation he responded that he and he alone was responsible for the design, Robert Stephenson & Co. merely being responsible for the supply of suitable materials and building of the locomotive, and their promise of a speedy delivery. Such objections did not seem to last long, as when the Globe was half completed, they delayed its construction, whilst they built an engine with a similar crank axle. That locomotive was the "Planet", delivered to the Liverpool and Manchester Railway in October 1830. The Globe took a further 2 months to complete.


The Globe was delivered to the Stockton and Darlington Railway in December 1830, and on the 27th of that month, the locomotive made its debut, the occasion being the opening of the line between Darlington and Middlesbrough. "On arriving at Middlesbrough, the procession was received with loud acclamations by the assembled multitude, and the firing of guns from the vessels in the river, and of others on the shore. Flags of every size and description, from the Union-jack of England downward, floated on the breeze from the roofs of the respective buildings, and the day being uncommonly fine, the appearance of the whole was highly picturesque and beautiful." Durham Chronicle, 1st January 1831


In the latter part of the decade Globe exploded, not as a result of poor design or workmanship, but due to it running out of water. She was never rebuilt.